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Preventive Unit

The Customs Preventive Unit (CPU) constitutes a special organ of the Customs Division. Its functions are not only vital to the protection of national revenue through the prevention of revenue leakages, but also ensure maximum border protection against illicit trade across borders with an emphasis on community protection and public safety.

The Unit deploys the use of several strategies to ensure culprits are sanctioned backed by the Customs Act, Act 891 of 2015. As the country’s first line of defense, the Customs Division through its Preventive Unit suppresses all forms of external aggression and other cross border crimes such as terrorism, money laundering, smuggling of arms/ammunition, narcotics, etc. In the Preventive unit there are sub-units viz; Customs Canine Unit, Rapid Deployment Team, Customs Marine Unit, Preventive Operations Unit, Preventive Surveillance Unit amongst other equally important ones.


  • Maintain security presence at all entry and exit points of the country.
  • Plan and execute physical patrols/ambushes, snap checks of all parts of the country including unapproved routes and territorial waters of the country.
  • Pre-empt, detect, and prevent all offences of the Customs laws as well as statutes of other relevant bodies.
  • Provide adequate protection for relevant personnel and properties of the Authority.
  • Gather intelligence about operations and strategies of probable smugglers and other threats whilst employing effective strategies to counter them.
  • Guard against revenue leakages by jointly or independently conducting examination and/or re-examination of goods for both tax and non-tax purposes with the immigration officers.
  • Arrest, detain and arrange for the prosecution of offenders of the Customs laws.
  • Physical safeguarding of all goods admitted under the Suspense regimes at their respective points of entry, points of holding and points of exiting.
  • Search and examine persons, luggage, and premises to uncover contraband goods and wanted persons.
  • Boarding and rummaging of aircraft, vessels, vehicles, and other means of conveyances upon suspicion.
  • Provide for the escort and transportation of subjects of interest (goods and persons) to avoid diversion and / or escape.
  • Conduct internal security operations such as counter terrorism operations, election security supervision, among others Jointly with the relevant security agencies like police, BNI, Counter Terrorist Unit, Military, etc


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